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Table 1 Wild birds sampled in Iran during different years of study, and AIV positives by rRT-PCR.

From: Avian influenza virus monitoring in wintering waterbirds in Iran, 2003-2007

Family Bird name Scientific name 2003 & 2004 2005 2007 Total Species No. Species Pos. No. No. Bird/Family Pos./Family
Podicipedidae Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis 7 - - 7 0 19 0
  Great-crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus 3 1 - 4 0   
  Little Grebe Podiceps ruficollis 8 - - 8 0   
Phalacrocoracidae Lesser Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmaeus - 1 1 2 0 14 0
  Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo 11 - 1 12 0   
Ardeidae Great White Egret Egretta alba 3 2 - 5 0 22 0
  Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 6 4 - 10 0   
  Little Egret Egretta garzetta 3 4 - 7 0   
Phoenicopteridae Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus 8 4 - 12 0 12 0
Anatidae Gadwall Anas strepera 10 1 15 26 0 745 31
  Garganey Anas querquedula 3 - - 3 1   
  Greylag Goose Anser anser 3 - 1 4 1   
  Mallard Anas platyrhynchos 78 34 68 180 15   
  Northern Pintail Anas acuta 17 1 18 36 1   
  Common Pochard Aythya ferina 5 5 8 18 1   
  Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina 1 - - 1 0   
  Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea 1 5 - 6 0   
  Greater Scuap Aythya marila - 1 - 1 0   
  Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna 10 - 1 11 0   
  Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata 10 1 4 15 2   
  Common Teal Anas crecca 79 36 243 358 9   
  Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula 2 2 1 5 1   
  White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala 2 - - 2 0   
  Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus - - 1 1 0   
  Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons - - 1 1 0   
  Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope 4 4 69 77 0   
Rallidae Common Coot Fulica atra 117 39 77 233 4 234 4
  Water Rail Rallus aquaticus 1 - - 1 0   
Recurvirostridae Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta 4 - - 4 0 6 0
  Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 2 - - 2 0   
Charadriidae Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus 10 1 4 15 0 17 0
  White-tailed Lapwing Vanellus leucurus 2 - - 2 0   
Scolopacidae Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa 3 2 - 5 0 51 0
  Dunlin Calidris alpina 5 - - 5 0   
  Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus 3 - 1 4 0   
  Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis 13 - - 13 0   
  Common Redshank Tringa totanus 12 1 1 14 0   
  Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia - 5 - 5 0   
  Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus - 2 - 2 0   
  Ruff Philomachus pugnax 1 2 - 3 0   
Laridae Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus 16 1 - 17 0 25 0
  Little Gull Larus minutus 3 - - 3 0   
  Slender-billed Gull Larus genei 2 - - 2 0   
  Yellow-legged Gull Larus cachinnans 3 - - 3 0   
Sternidae Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus 1 - - 1 0 1 0
    472 159 515 1146 35 1146 35