Conversion of recombination intermediates into replication forks: UvsX/UvsY and Gp59 enforce strand-specific loading of Gp41 helicase onto the displaced strand of a D-loop. (A) A UvsX-UvsY-ssDNA presynaptic filament invades a homologous dsDNA molecule. Gp32 rapidly sequesters the displaced ssDNA of the D-loop. (B) D-loop ssDNA covered with Gp32 is recognized and bound by Gp59 helicase loading protein, forming a helicase loading complex (HLC). The HLC is shown as an extended structure here for simplicity, but it is actually remodeled into a condensed bead-like structure . Gp59 is excluded from the invading ssDNA, which is saturated with UvsX and UvsY. Therefore Gp41 helicase cannot be loaded onto the invading strand where it would abortively unwind the D-loop (anti-recombination). (C) The HLC loads Gp41 helicase specifically onto the displaced strand of the D-loop. Recruitment of Gp61 primase plus DNA polymerase holoenzyme (Gp43, Gp44/62, Gp45; not shown for simplicity) reconstitutes the semi-conservative recombination-dependent replication machinery. Note that Gp59 inhibits leading strand DNA synthesis until the primosome is reconstituted, so that leading/lagging strand synthesis begins in a coordinated fashion.