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Table 2 Presence of human polyomaviruses and human adenoviruses in sewage and river water samples

From: Newly described human polyomaviruses Merkel Cell, KI and WU are present in urban sewage and may represent potential environmental contaminants

Samples, type Collection date (month/year) Quantitative PCR (GC/mL of sample) Nested-PCR results (presence/absence)
   HAdV JCPyV WUPyV KIPyV MCPyV (Tag)
BCN1, sewage 02/2004 2.81 × 103 1.35 × 103 + - +a
BCN2, sewage 07/2007 4.29 × 103 7.94 × 102 - - +a
BCN3, sewage 07/2007 1.57 × 103 NT - - +a
BCN4, sewage 07/2007 6.10 × 103 8.65 × 102 - - +a, b
BCN5, sewage 05/2008 Non tested 5.48 × 102 +a +a +b
BCN6, sewage 09/2006 9.40 × 101 7.65 × 102 - - +
BCN7, sewage 11/2006 1.35 × 102 4.83 × 102 - - +b
BCN8, sewage 12/2006 6.00 × 102 8.33 × 101 - - -
BCN9, river water 03/2009 3.08 × 100 1.00 × 100 - - -
BCN10, river water 03/2009 7.90 × 100 9.40 × 100 - - +a
BCN11, river water 03/2009 1.10 × 101 1.21 × 101 - - +a
BCN12, river water 03/2009 1.18 × 101 1.49 × 101 - - -
BCN13, river water 03/2009 1.99 × 100 4.40 × 100 - - -
BCN14, river water 03/2009 2.48 × 100 1.21 × 101 - - -
BCN15, river water 03/2009 3.46 × 100 9.94 × 100 - - -
  1. NT = Not tested
  2. a Sequenced amplicons
  3. b Samples from other regions (VP1 and/or VP1/VP2/VP3) in which MCPyV has been amplified and sequenced (GQ452776, GQ390249-50)