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Table 6 Children with ALRI positive and negative for RSV by multiplex PCR

From: Respiratory viral infections detected by multiplex PCR among pediatric patients with lower respiratory tract infections seen at an urban hospital in Delhi from 2005 to 2007

Variables RSV positive (n = 50)* Virus negative (n = 195) p value OR (95% CI)
Median age (Mo) 10.5 (2–48) 10 (1–61) 0.60 -
Less than 12 months 38 115 0.027 2.2 (1.1, 4.5)
Sex M:F 35:15 (2.3:1) 143:52 (2.8:1) 0.63 1.2 (0.55, 2.4)
Symptoms
Cough 49 183 0.47 3.2 (.45, 140.1)
Difficulty in breathing 30 113 0.79 1.1 (0.55, 2.2)
Runny nose 32 70 0.001 3.2 (1.6, 6.4)
Sore throat 0 2 0.99 -
Fever 44 159 0.27 1.7 (0.64, 5.1)
Hoarseness 4 6 0.12 2.7 (0.54, 12.0)
Asthma 4 7 0.24 2.3 (0.49, 9.6)
Grunting 2 5 0.63 1.6 (0.15, 10.0)
Nasal flaring 5 18 0.86 1.1 (0.30, 3.3)
Stridor 2 5 0.63 1.6 (0.15, 10.0)
Chest indrawing 19 80 0.69 0.88 (0.44, 1.7)
Cyanosis 0 7 0.35 -
Recurrent pneumonia 3 15 0.99 4.1 (0.53, 31.2)
Pneumonia 38 151 0.82 0.92 (0.43, 2.1)
Bronchiolitis 41 42 0.001 16.6 (7.1, 41.4)
Risk factors
ARI in family 23 62 0.06 1.8 (0.92, 3.6)
Prematurity 6 13 0.20 1.9 (0.56, 5.7)
Smokers in family 20 67 0.45 1.3 (0.63, 2.5)
Co-morbidity 5 66 0.001 0.22 (0.06, 0.59)
  1. * episodes of co-infection with other viruses were excluded