Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 5 Children with ALRI positive and negative for respiratory viruses by multiplex PCR

From: Respiratory viral infections detected by multiplex PCR among pediatric patients with lower respiratory tract infections seen at an urban hospital in Delhi from 2005 to 2007

Variables Virus positive (n = 106) Virus negative (n = 195) p value OR (95% CI)
Median age (Mo) 12 (1–72) 10 (1–61) 0.36 -
Sex M:F 74:32 (2.3:1) 143:52 (2.8:1) 0.51 1.2 (0.68, 2.1)
Clinical symptoms
Cough 102 183 0.43 3.1 (0.99, 1.25)
Difficulty in breathing 70 113 0.17 1.4 (0.84, 2.4)
Runny nose 50 70 0.05 1.6 (0.96, 2.6)
Sore throat 5 2 0.10 4.8 (0.76, 51.2)
Fever 88 159 0.74 1.1 (0.57, 2.2)
Hoarseness 6 6 0.27 1.9 (0.49, 7.3)
Asthma 7 7 0.23 1.9 (0.55, 6.5)
Grunting 3 5 0.99 1.1 (0.17–5.8)
Nasal flaring 13 18 0.40 1.4 (0.59–3.1)
Stridor 3 5 0.99 1.1 (0.17–5.8)
Chest indrawing 40 80 0.57 0.87 (0.52–1.5)
Cyanosis 5 7 0.63 1.3 (0.32, 5.0)
Recurrent pneumonia 7 15 0.03 4.5 (1.1, 27.6)
Pneumonia 84 151 0.71 1.1 (0.60, 2.1)
Bronchiolitis 52 42 0.001 3.5 (2.0, 6.0)
Risk factors
ARI in family 51 62 0.005 1.9 (1.2, 3.3)
Prematurity 14 13 0.05 0.87 (0.41, 1.8)
Smokers in family 36 67 0.94 0.98 (0.58, 1.7)
Co-morbidity 19 66 0.003 0.43 (0.23, 0.78)