Molecular cloning of EGFP protein expression cassete in the chimeric YF17D/DEN4 virus genome. (A) Schematic representation of YF 17D/DEN4/Esa/EGFP/6 recombinant virus genome and the genetic elements fused to EGFP gene. (B) Growth of recombinant YF17D/DEN4 viruses in Vero cells. Three independent experiments were performed to measure viral spread in Vero cells after infection with an multiplicity of infection (MOI) of 0.02. Cell culture supernatant aliquots were taken at 24, 48, 72, 96, 120 and 140 hour post-infection (p.i.) and titrated by plaque formation on Vero cell monolayers. (C) Analysis of recombinant YF 17D/DEN4/Esa/6 virus genetic stability after serial passaging on Vero cell monolayers. Electrophoretic analysis of RT-PCR amplicons from viral RNA extracted from samples of the supernatant of cultures according to the passage numbering indicated on top of each lane. The first lane corresponds to cDNA-derived YF17D/DEN4 virus RNA; the remaining lanes are RT-PCR profiles from YF17D/DEN4/Esa/6 virus RNA at different passage levels with lanes 2 and 3 corresponding to amplicons from RNAs of viral stocks (1P, transfection supernatant) or passage two (2P, first passage of transfection supernatant), respectively. Lanes 4 to 11 represent RT-PCR products, which were obtained from viral RNA in the fifth, tenth, 15th and 20th passages of the two independent passage lineages (5P1 and 5P2; 10P1 and 10P2, 15P1 and 15P2, 20P1 and 20P2, respectively).