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Table 5 Variables independently associated with hr HPV after controlling for confounders in a three model multivariate logistic analysis

From: The burden, distribution and risk factors for cervical oncogenic human papilloma virus infection in HIV positive Nigerian women

Variables at enrolment Initial modela 2nd Modelb Final modelc
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
HIV status (515)    
Negative 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
Positive 1.7 (1.3 -2.5) 1.7 (1.3-2.5) 1.8 (1.4-2.2)
Antiretroviral drug use (220)   
Not on drugs 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
On drugs 0.4 (0.3 - 0.9) 0.4 (0.3 - 0.9) 0.4 (0.3-0.5)
CD4 cell count (220)    
<200 2.9 (1.3-7.1) 2.5 (1.5-6.1) 2.4 (1.7-5.9)
200 – 499 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
500 and above 0.6 (0.3-1.0) 0.6 (0.5-0.9) 0.7 (0.5-0.8)
Viral load (220)    
<1000 0.5 (0.2-1.9) 0.6 (0.4 -1.3) 0.6 (0.3 -1.4)
1000 – 10,000 1 (ref) 1 (ref) 1 (ref)
≥ 10,000 3.1 (1.1-9.9) 3.1 ( 0.9- 8.7) 2.7 (0.6- 8.1)
  1. aadjusted for age badjust for HIV status and antiretroviral drug use cin addition to a and c adjusted for type of community, life time sexual partner and marital status.