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Table 2 Socio-demographic characteristics of the 515 women by hr HPV infection status

From: The burden, distribution and risk factors for cervical oncogenic human papilloma virus infection in HIV positive Nigerian women

Characteristics Number of women (%) hr HPV infection status OR; 95% Confidence interval (CI)
n = 515 hr HPV positive status hr HPV negative status
  n = 101 (%) n = 414 (%)
Age (years)     
< 25 51 (9.9) 19 (37.3) 32 (62.7) 2.2 (1.1-4.6)
25 – 34 165 (32.0) 35 (26.9) 130 (73.1) 1 (ref)
≥ 35 299 (58.1) 47 (18.7) 252 (81.3) 0.7 (0.4-1.2)
Educational level completed     
< Secondary 122 (13.7) 23 (18.9) 99 (81.1) 0.9 (0.5-1.6)
≥ Secondary 393 (76.3) 78 (19.8) 315 (80.2) 1 (ref)
Marital status     
Never married 86 (16.7) 24 (27.9) 62 (72.1) 1.9 (1.1-3.4)
Married 342 (66.4) 58 (16.9) 284 (83.1) 1 (ref)
Divorced/Separated/Widow 87 (16.9) 19 (21.8) 68 (78.2) 1.4 (0.7-2.5)
Tribal group     
Major Southern tribes 310 (60.2) 57 (18.4) 253 (81.6) 1 (ref)
Northern tribes 102 (19.8) 21 (20.6) 81 (79.4) 1.2 (0.6-2.1)
Southern minority tribes 103 (20.0) 23 (22.3) 80 (77.7) 1.3 (0.7-2.3)
Residence     
Urban 183 (35.5) 44 (24.0) 139 (76.0) 1.6 (1.0-2.6)
Rural 332 (64.5) 54 (16.3) 278 (83.7) 1 (ref)
Occupation     
Unemployed 72 (14.0) 20 (27.8) 52 (72.2) 1.7 (0.9-3.1)
Employed 443 (86.0) 81 (18.2) 362 (81.8) 1 (ref)
Age at first intercourse (years)     
< 15 57 (11.1) 13 (22.8) 44 (77.2) 1.3 (0.6-2.6)
15 – 24 378 (73.3) 72 (19.0) 306 (81.0) 1 (ref)
≥ 25 80 (15.5) 16 (20.0) 64 (80.0) 1.1 (0.6-2.0)
Number of life time sexual partners     
1 174 (33.8) 23 (13.2) 151 (86.8) 1 (ref)
2 – 4 256 (49.7) 57 (22.3) 199 (77.7) 1.9 (1.1-3.3)
≥ 5 85 (16.5) 21 (24.7) 64 (75.3) 2.2 (1.1-4.4)
Number of deliveries     
0 118 (22.9) 21 (17.8) 97 (82.2) 0.9 (0.5-1.6)
1 – 4 244 (47.4) 48 (19.7) 196 (80.3) 1 (ref)
≥ 5 153 (29.7) 32 (20.9) 121 (79.1) 1.1 (0.6-1.8)
HIV status     
Negative 295 (57.3) 47 (15.9) 248 (84.1) 1 (ref)
Positive 220 (42.7) 54 (24.5) 166 (75.5) 1.7 (1.1-2.7)