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Table 1 Pathologic and molecular findings in ball pythons ( Python regius ) with nidoviral-associated disease

From: Identification of a novel nidovirus in an outbreak of fatal respiratory disease in ball pythons (Python regius)

Inflammationa PCRb ISHc
Snake Lung Trachea Nasal Cavity Esophagus Oral Cavity Liver Spleen Kidney Lung Spleen Esophagus Trachea Liver Lung
1 +, H +, H + +, H + - - - + + NT NT NT +
2 + + + +, H + Nec - - + + + NT NT +
3 + + NE NE + - Nec - NA + NA NT + NT
4 + + NE NE + - NE - + NT NT + NT NT
  1. aH, epithelial hyperplasia; NE, Not examined; Nec, Necrosis.
  2. bNT, Not tested.
  3. cISH, In Situ Hybridization; NT, Not tested NA, not available.
  4. +, PCR Positive.
  5. -, PCR Negative.