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Table 4 Univariate analysis of risk factors for CMV IgG positive in patients with inflammatory bowel disease

From: The prevalence and risk factors of cytomegalovirus infection in inflammatory bowel disease in Wuhan, Central China

  CMV IgG+/IgG-
  UC CD
  (139/50) (33/4)
Age Number P value OR (95% CI) Number P value OR (95% CI)
 ≤50 ys 107/32 0.074 1.881 (0.934 ~ 3.786) 21/3 1.000 0.583 (0.054 ~ 6.251)
 >50 ys 32/18    12/1   
Sex       
 male 82/27 0.540 1.225 (0.639 ~ 2.349) 21/2 0.625 1.750 (0.218 ~ 14.069)
 female 57/23    12/2   
Smoking       
 yes 32/13 0.672 0.851 (0.404 ~ 1.793) 9/0 0.554 N/A
 no 107/37    24/4   
Drinking       
 Yes 53/22 0.467 0.784 (0.407 ~ 1.510) 10/2 0.582 0.435 (0.053 ~ 3.536)
 no 86/28    23/2   
Diet composition       
 vegetarian food 14/4 0.883 1.288 (0.403 ~ 4.115) 3/3 0.010* 0.033 (0.003 ~ 0.429)
 mixed food 125/46    30/1   
Fever       
 yes 26/6 0.278 1.687 (0.650 ~ 4.379) 4/0 1.000 N/A
 no 113/44    29/4   
Hemoglobin (G/L)       
 ≤70 7/2 1.000 1.273 (0.255 ~ 6.341) 0/0 - N/A
 >70 132/48    33/4   
Albumin (G/L)       
 ≤35 16/5 0.771 1.171 (0.405 ~ 3.381) 11/2 0.602 0.500 (0.062 ~ 4.040)
 >35 123/45    22/2   
Disease severity       
 mild and moderate 120/48 0.109 0.263 (0.059 ~ 1.173) 26/4 0.570 N/A
 severe 19/2    7/0   
Location       
 distal colitis 108/32 0.058 1.960 (0.971 ~ 3.955)    
 pancolitis 31/18      
 ileal     7/1 0.219 N/A
 Colonic     14/0   
 ileocolon     12/3   
Treatment       
ASA/SASP 119/30 <0.001* 3.967 (1.897 ~ 8.296) 18/2 1.000 1.200 (0.150 ~ 9.570)
corticosteroids 38/9 0.190 1.714 (0.761 ~ 3.861) 8/0 0.557 N/A
immunosuppressant 5/0 0.328 N/A 2/0 1.000 N/A
  1. CMV, cytomegalovirus; UC, ulcerative colitis; ASA, aminosalicylic acid; SASP, salicylazosulfapyridine.
  2. *indicate significant difference.