Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Clinical manifestations of HRV and HEV

From: Human rhinoviruses and enteroviruses in influenza-like illness in Latin America

  Patient group P value for:
  Other HRV HEV C vs. other C vs. A C vs. B C vs. HEV HEV vs. other
  (n = 2810) (n = 490) (n = 75)      
   A B C       
   (n = 278) (n = 20) (n=192)       
General symptoms           
Malaise 2080 (74.0) 193 (69.4) 18 (90.0) 130 (67.7) 55 (73.3) 0.11 0.74 0.05 0.45 0.91
Headache 1177 (41.9) 80 (28.8) 10 (50.0) 56 (29.2) 37 (49.3) 0.06 0.96 0.19 >0.05 0.37
Muscular pain 760 (27.0) 57 (20.5) 6 (30.0) 27 (14.1) 23(30.7) 0.14 0.48 0.35 0.16 0.69
Chills 353 (12.6) 29 (10.4) 4 (20.0) 22 (11.5) 13 (17.3) 0.88 0.9 0.64 0.63 0.62
Respiratory symptoms           
Cough 2558 (91.0) 260 (93.5) 20 (100.0) 183 (95.3) 61 (81.3) > 0.05 0.42 0.32 0.0006 0.009
Rhinorrhea 2260 (80.4) 238 (85.5) 18 (90.0) 168 (87.5) 56 (74.7) 0.02 0.56 0.76 0.02 0.33
Sore throat 1588 (56.5) 147 (52.9) 13 (65.0) 88 (45.8) 44 (58.7) > 0.05 0.29 0.19 0.16 0.77
Expectoration 814 (29.0) 83 (29.9) 7 (35.0) 64 (33.3) 17 (22.7) 0.47 0.66 0.93 0.4 0.57
Dyspnea 414 (14.7) 56 (20.1) 3 (15.0) 51 (26.6) 10 (13.3) 0.03 0.43 0.66 0.37 0.9
Gastrointestinal symptoms           
Vomiting 718 (25.6) 61 (21.9) 4 (20.0) 48 (25.0) 18 (24.0) 0.93 0.7 0.82 0.93 0.88
Abdominal pain 472 (16.8) 35 (12.6) 4 (20.0) 27 (14.1) 18 (24.0) 0.71 0.86 0.76 0.39 0.43
Diarrhea 349 (12.4) 50 (18.0) 5 (25.0) 20 (10.4) 12 (16.0) 0.79 0.43 0.39 0.64 0.71
Nausea 289 (10.3) 30 (10.8) 0 (0.0) 22 (11.5) 8 (10.7) 0.86 0.94 ---- 0.95 0.97
Hospitalization 295 (10.5) 36 (12.9) 2 (10.0) 38 (19.8) 6 (8.0) 0.09 0.42 0.73 0.49 0.84
  1. The number of subjects presenting with each symptom is shown and the corresponding percentage is in parentheses on the right. “Other” represents ILI subjects that did not have HEVs or HRVs detected. HRV-C has been singled out to better show the comparison to other HRV species and other viruses. P-values for single analysis of each group--Other, HRV-A, HRV-B, HRV-C and HEV--are provided in the last columns. Only p-values <0.05 (bold) were considered statistically significant.