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Table 4 Treatment features

From: An approach for differentiating echovirus 30 and Japanese encephalitis virus infections in acute meningitis/encephalitis: a retrospective study of 103 cases in Vietnam

  Number of patients (%), median day [range] p-value
E30 patients JEV patients
n = 43 n = 60+
Steroids 42 (98) 58 (97) 0.769
Period of treatment 3 [2-4] 3 [2-15] 0.204
Mannitol 20 (47) 57 (95) < 0.001*
Period of treatment 1 [1-3] 3 [1-7] < 0.001*
Antibiotics 15 (35) 57 (95) < 0.001*
Period of treatment 8 [1-15] 8 [1-17] 0.688
Diazepam 23 (53) 32 (53) 0.988
Period of treatment 6 [2-14] 2 [1-11] < 0.001*
Barbiturate 14 (33) 38 (63) 0.002*
Period of treatment 3.5 [1-14] 2.5 [1-11] 0.130
Chlorpromazine 2 (5) 14 (23) 0.012*
Fentanyl 0 (0) 20 (33) < 0.001*
Sodium Valproate 0 (0) 20 (33) < 0.001*
  1. *significant difference (p < 0.05).