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Table 2 Clinical features during admission

From: An approach for differentiating echovirus 30 and Japanese encephalitis virus infections in acute meningitis/encephalitis: a retrospective study of 103 cases in Vietnam

Clinical feature(s) Median [range] or, number of patients with the feature (%) p-value
E30 patients JEV patients
n = 43 n = 60
Body temperature (°C)1 38.0 [36.2-41.0] 38.5 [36.5-40.0] 0.096
Pulse rate (beats per min.)1 100 [80–120] {34}2 100 [70–145] {58}2 0.092
Respiratory rate (breaths per min.)1 26 [20–45] {13}2 26 [20–50] {31}2 0.691
Length of stay in the hospital (day) 7 [3-23] 9 [1–37] 0.003*
Highest body temperature (°C) 38.0 [37.0-41.0] 38.8 [37.0-40.0] 0.010*
Period of fever3 (day) 1 [1-14] 2 [1-7] 0.259
Headache 41 (95) 30 (50) < 0.001*
Period of headache (day) 2 [1-7] {41} 2.5 [1-12] {30} 0.006*
Vomiting 42 (98) 20 (33) < 0.001*
Period of vomiting (day) 1 [1-5] {42} 1 [1,2] {20} 0.526
Altered consciousness 5 (12) 58 (97) < 0.001*
Period of altered consciousness (day) 1 [1-3] {5} 3 [1-17] {58} 0.002*
Seizure 2 (5) 44 (73) < 0.001*
Period of seizure (day) 1 [1] {2} 2 [1-7] {44} < 0.001*
Sign of meningeal irritation 30 (70) 41 (68) 0.877
Period of meningeal irritation (day) 1 [1-6] {30} 3 [1-14] {41} 0.002*
Babinski reflex 18 (42) 37 (62) 0.047*
Period of Babinski reflex (day) 1 [1-3] {18} 2 [1-7] {37} 0.001*
Focal neurological sign 2 (5) 10 (17) 0.070
Period of focal neurological sign (day) 1 [1] {2} 2.5 [1-13] {10} 0.037*
Dyspnea 2 (5) 10 (17) 0.070
Hemiplegia 0 (0) 15 (25) < 0.001*
Fatigue 14 (33) 22 (37) 0.666
Abdominal symptom 8 (19) 3 (5) 0.048*
Neck or back pain 11 (26) 1 (2) < 0.001*
Joint pain 1 (2) 0 (0) 0.235
Skin rash 0 (0) 1 (2) 0.395
Fever3 + Headache 0 (0) 11 (18) 0.002*
Headache + Vomiting 8 (19) 0 (0) < 0.001*
Vomiting + Fever3 4 (9) 2 (3) 0.232
Fever3 + Headache + Vomiting 32 (74) 16 (27) < 0.001*
  1. 1taken on the day of admission, 2number inside curly brackets refer to the number of patients with the record, 3fever defined as body temperature of over 38°C, *significant difference (p < 0.05).